Wednesday, June 19, 2019

Laboratory report on sluice gate and hydraulic jump Coursework

Laboratory report on sluicegate gate and hydraulic bulge out - Coursework ExampleGenerally, sluice gats be made up of a gate, a power mechanism and a frame and they are designed to withstand various water loads at different operating heights. at that place are two types of sluice gates. These are the wall-mounted sluice gates and the vertical rising sluice gates. For the vertical rising sluice gates, they are designed such(prenominal) that water strike is prevented as long as the water height does not exceed the gate height. In this types of sluice gates, the bottom and the side walls are sealed. For the wall-mounted sluice gates, also referred to as bottom sluice gates, passage of water is prevented to flow up to heights that exceed the gate. In this type, all the four sides of the sluice gates are sealed (Hager, 1992).As water flows in an unsolved channel, it is only acted upon by atmospheric pressure implying that the gauge pressure is zero. In open channel flow, two flow de pths exists, these are the subcritical flow and the supercritical flow (Khatsuria, 2004). The use of sluice in open channel alters the flow characteristics resulting in the flow changing from subcritical to supercritical. The flow rate under a sluice gate is illustrated by equation (1) below where by it is assumed that the flow is ideal (which is neer the case in real situation).From the figure 1 above, it can be seen that flow under the sluice gate results into generation of a hydraulic jump just before the flow resumes back to subcritical flow from supercritical flow (Subramanya, 2009). As earlier connoted, a sluice gate changes flow from subcritical to supercritical flow. below normal cases, the flow in an open channel is usually subcritical, therefore as the flow reverts back to sub-critical flow after passing through a sluice gate, there is sudden energy dissipation that results from the change of flow from supercritical to subcritical (Hager, 1992). This is the hydraulic jum p.Where V is the velocity, is the

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